Brief Overview About Abortion Pills
Abortion pills are also known as medical abortion, a safe and effective way to end an early pregnancy in an undisclosed way. Abortion pill encloses two important FDA-approved drugs called Mifepristone and Misoprostol. Abortion pills are quite effective in the concluding an early pregnancy of 7 to 9 weeks of gestation. Any woman can safely terminate her pregnancy with Abortion pills without any complications or doctor's intervention. Mifegyne, Mifeprex, RU486, and Korlym are the well-known brands of Mifepristone pills. MTP Kit is a brand of abortion pills enclosing both Mifepristone and Misoprostol. Cytotec is a famous brand of Misoprostol pill.
Action Mechanism of Abortion Pills
Mifepristone belongs to the category of antiprogestin. It inhibits the function of Progesterone hormone and blocks the further growth of the fetus. The shedding of uterine wall occurs that detaches the placenta from the uterine wall resulting in the removal of a fetus from the uterine wall. It also causes the dilation and softening of the cervix for the easy expulsion of the fetus out of the uterus. Misoprostol is a prostaglandin analog that induces strong contraction of the uterine wall resulting in the expulsion of the dead fetus along with blood clots out of the mother's womb.
Dosing schedule of Abortion Pills
If a woman wants to abort her pregnancy of fewer than 7 weeks, then she may use any of these brands such as Mifegyne, Mifeprex, RU486, or Korlym. On day one: She has to take three Mifepristone pills (each 200mg) via the oral route, on an empty stomach, with a colossal amount of water. On day three: she has to follow with a clinical visit for the confirmation of an abortion. If she is still pregnant, then she has to take two Misoprostol (each 200mcg) pills via the oral or vaginal route. After two days: Again, she has to follow with a clinical visit for the confirmation of an abortion.
If a woman wants to abort her pregnancy of fewer than 9 weeks, then she may use MTP Kit. On day one: She has to take one Mifepristone pills (200mg) via the oral route on an empty stomach, with sufficient amount of water. One day three: She has to take four Misoprostol pills (each 200mg) via the oral or vaginal route. On the fourteenth day: she has to follow with a clinical visit for the final confirmation of an abortion.
If a woman to terminate her pregnancy of 7 weeks with Cytotec, then she must follow this dosing regimen. A woman has to take four tablets of Misoprostol pills (each 200mcg) via the oral or vaginal route at a regular interval of 3 to 4 hours. In total, she has to take twelve Misoprostol pills for complete abortion. After two days, she has to follow with a clinical visit for the final confirmation of an abortion.
Contraindications of Abortion Pills
The use of Abortion pills is contraindicated under certain medical conditions such as ectopic pregnancy (tubal pregnancy), chronic adrenal failure or Addison disease, undiagnosed growth in the abdomen, bleeding disorders, blood problems (porphyria), and hypersensitive reactions with Mifepristone or Misoprostol.
Annoying effects of Abortion Pills
A woman may face some annoying effects while executing an abortion with Abortion pills such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, unusual weakness, dizziness, vaginal bleeding or discharge, vomiting, diarrhea and back pain.
Safety measures to be taken while executing an abortion with Abortion pills
- If a woman is using an intrauterine device, then she must remove it before executing an abortion with Abortion pills.
- Women are advised not to consume alcoholic beverages, grapefruits, or grape juices while before executing an abortion with Abortion pills.
- Women are advised to avoid swimming and any other strenuous physical activity for two to three after an abortion.
Women undergoing an abortion have to consume a healthy nutritious diet in order to recover the losses occurred in the body.